The Fan, Summer, 1911, by Picasso
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain on October 25, 1881. His father was Jose Ruiz Blanco and his mother, Maria Picasso Lopez. Later he adopted his mother's more distinguished maiden name, Picasso, as his own. Picasso was a Spanish painter and sculptor, and is internationally considered the greatest artist of the 20th century. Unique as an inventor of forms, an innovator of styles and techniques, a master of various media, he was one of the most productive artists in history. He contributed many different abilities and attributes to the art community in numerous ways. Pablo Picasso was not only an extremely influential artist but was also politically active.
This paper will focus on the analytic stage of Cubism, during which time Picasso painted The Fan, Summer, 1911. Different aspects of Picasso's work and his life led him to this point, where different angles and viewpoints are interwoven through a series of overlapping planes.
Natural forms are reduced to their basic geometric parts and then returned, in a harmonious fashion, to essentially three-dimensional parts on a two-dimensional picture plane. Color was greatly subdued and paintings were nearly monochromatic in order to minimize attention to elements other than structural ones. Picasso was not interested in beauty, and he considered color an element of beauty.
He was aware of the revolting way Africa was colonized and exploited by Europeans at this time. He was aware of the many Africans that had been killed in order for the acquisition of the rubber in that country. Because so many were killed to get the rubber, it was called the "Red Rubber Policy". During the worlds fair, you could actually go watch a cage holding Africans going about their daily lives. Picasso's work was affected by this.