Fascism and Nazism

Essay by kiixdHigh School, 12th gradeB, October 2014

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Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary School Education


School-based Assessment Task One

Presentation of study outline

Name of student: Class: Class no.:

Selected elective (please put ( in the appropriate box):

Comparative studies ( Issue-based studies □ Local heritage studies □


Compare the basic ideas of Nazism and Fascism.

Study outline

Nazism was a kind of totalitarianism practiced by Nazi Party and same as Fascism which practiced by Fascist Party. Although both belonged to totalitarianism, they were not completely the same. In the following, I will compare the similarities and differences of both ideologies in their basic ideas.

There were four similarities of Fascism and Nazism.

Firstly, both of them were one party dictatorship. Germany had been defeated in the First World War and signed the Versailles Treaty that was harsh to it. On the other hand, Italy had only got little land although she was a victorious power.

Therefore, Nazism and Fascism against the democratic states and believed that democracy was too weak and ineffective. One party dictatorship was the only way to make the nation strong and all other parties were to be banned.

Secondly, both believed in human inequality and worshiped leaders. They believed human inequality was innate, the nation should be ruled by elites. Also, an absolute, infallible and capable leader was needed to rule and lead the nations. All people should obey the leader.

Thirdly, both were anti-communism. Since communism threatened the private property, to gain support of industrialists and middle class, and to maintain the well-being of the nation, both Nazism and Fascism suppressed communism.

Fourthly, both glorified wars. To achieve nation's glory and strengthen the nation, they believed wars were the way to show their strength and regain national honor that had lost in WWI. This paved the way of the outbreak...