Fascism Compared to Communism

Essay by Ryankirkland May 2004

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Analyze the similarities and the differences between single party rule

in Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia between 1933 and 1945. Answers

should consider: methods of dealing with opposition, control of media

and education, control of the economy, and war time planning.


Why is it that Germany's fascism lasted a relatively short

time compared to Russia's communism? The regimes established under

Hitler and Stalin were incredibly similar with respect to the rise and

control of the state. Both systems were based on entirely different

ideology and goals. Hitler's Mein Kampf established the superiority of

the German race and the need to expand as wanted by God. Hitler wanted

the world. The government in Russia established by Lenin was based on

a book called Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, a call to the

proletariate to unite and rebel against their selfish employers. It is

my belief that Lenin had entirely good reasons for doing as he did,

and felt he was helping the world as apposed to Adolf Hitler.

Immediately after Lenin's death, a man very much the same in nature as

Hitler, Stalin, came to control the Bolsheviks and throw Russia in a

civil war in a quest for power. You now have two men of equal

aspirations soon to be in control of two very similar governments.

In any rise of power, there needs to be a period of careful

planning requiring much thought. These two men had very little history

with which to work with which to model their revolutions. Times had

been changing rapidly, technological improvements in the fields of

manufacturing, transportation, and communication made this period of

time very different from any other. Hitler spent his time imprison

writing his book, Mein Kampf, filling it full of warped ideas of

conquest and superiority of one race...