When the Revolutionary War was over, the American colonists were free from British control. They wanted to create their own system of government. All the states were connected by the Articles of Confederation, but that document gave the central government no power. Because the central government had no power, it cause many problems. It was decided that a document needed to be created to strengthen the central government. The Constitution was made. When this happened it brought a division among the American people. There were two groups called the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. The Federalists believed the Constitution was good, while the Anti-Federalists thought the Constitution would not be able to protect the people well enough.
Both the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists believed that power was being abused. Therefore, they wanted to make a government that would ensure the continuance of an ethical democracy. They knew that making the Constitution was the only way to do that.
It was agreed that the Constitution would not give all the power to the legislature unless it was legally written down to make sure the power was not abused.
The Federalists were made up of a more respectable and more educated group of people. James Madison and Alexander Hamilton were two of the more active members in the group of Federalists. They believed that there were many weaknesses in the Article of Confederation, and that the only way to get rid of them was to have a new government (the Constitution). Federalists liked the idea of a larger democracy. They thought there would be less chance of domination. Federalists sensed it would be easier to elect officials and that there would be a variety of people being represented and more candidates also. Federalists said this would ensure the highest quality government.