I Foreign Policy
1 The goal of foreign policy is to promote peace and friendship with other nations.
2 Interdependence is mutual reliance of the world's nations.
a Such INTERDEPENDENCE means nations must cooperate in seeking world peace, freedom, and prosperity.
II Conducting Foreign Relations
1 The way the nation follows its foreign policy affects a country's foreign relations.
a FOREIGN RELATIONS are the way a nation deals with the governments of other nations.
B Presidents Role
1 Military Powers
a The president makes recommendations to congress about the military's
size and equipment
b The president can order troops, planes, and warships into action.
1 However, only congress can declare war.
2 Treaty-Making Powers
a With the advice and consent of the senate, the president has the power to
make three types of treaties.
1Peace treaties, or agreements to end wars.
a They spell out the terms for ending fighting.
b All sides must consent to such treaties.
2 ALLIANCE treaties, or agreements between nations to help each other for defense, economic, scientific, or other reasons.
3Commerical treaties or trade treaties.
a They are agreements between nations to trade with each
other on favorable terms.
b All treaties must be approved by a 2/3 vote of the senate.
c Agreements can also be made by an executive agreement.
1 An EXECUTIVE AGREEMENT is a mutual understanding
between the president of the United States and the leader of a
3 Diplomatic Powers
a The president, with the approval of the senate appoints ambassadors to represent the United States in foreign nations.
1 The president receives ambassadors from other nations.
2 This right to receive ambassadors from other nations includes the
power of diplomatic recognition.
II Working for Peace
1 Many departments and agencies...