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Sigmund Freud believed that the unconcious is the motivation for all simple desires. He believed that an organism is special because of it's need to reproduce, and it's need to survive. He thought that they are guided towards their needs by hunger, thirst, and avoidance of pain and sex.

Freud was born in Frieberg, Moravia. He lived there until the age of four, and afterwards, he and his family moved to Vienna. Later, he enrolled in the medical school in Vienna, and learned much about Biology, and Psychology. Freud learned much about psychology by watching the development of children and people. With his observations, he developed a theory of how people change, and the ways that people think. Freud's goal was to understand a persons instincts and drives, and to see what motivated people to do certain things. His beliefs were based upon the ID, which were a person's instincts or drives.

The ID works with the pleasure principle, which is the demand to take care of things immediately. He believed that the pleasure principle could be so strong that it could force a person to only think about one thing. Freud believed that the ID soon becomes the ego, which relates to an organism's consciousness, and it's search for it's desires. This is a way of problem solving which is alernately known as the secondary process. The ego works on the reality principle, which is the motivation to take care of one's needs when there is an opportunity. The ego competes with the ID, to keep the organism happy, and occasionally, it achieves it's goals in the world. They keep a record of the things to avoid, and strategies to fulfill desires, and soon becomes something known as the superego. There are two parts to the superego:...