Lecture 1. Fundamental concepts of recreational geography
Leisure time, its function and place in human life. The fundamental concepts of recreational geography are primarily such as free time, leisure, recreation and tourism.
"Free time" - a necessary condition for the development of recreational process. Leisure time - dynamic category, which bears the features of certain age, class and social groups; it varies both in volume and content. Leisure time can not be equated with non-working time, as some researchers, it is only a part of it. Non-working time consists of four functionally distinct groups:
Ã¢ÂÂ¢ time to travel to the place of work and back;
Ã¢ÂÂ¢ Time to meet the physical needs (sleep, food, personal hygiene);
Ã¢ÂÂ¢ time for domestic work and household needs;
Ã¢ÂÂ¢ time for physical, intellectual development and recreation, which is the free time on the merits.
Thus, the non-working time is divided into compulsory and free from many kinds of immutable classes.
Leisure time is spent on the reconstruction and development of physical strength. Leisure time is dedicated for the development of spiritual strength and to meet a range of social needs. In other words, it is spent on vigorous activity. At the same time we say that free time is intended for rest. It may seem that "activism" and "rest" are incompatible concepts. However, researchers have shown that the best rest is to change of one activity to another. Activities during free time are significantly different from all other human activities as it is important for him not because of its results, but it is possibility. This is due to the fact that a large part of the needs satisfied not while getting the result but during the process.
We can distinguish two main functions of free time:
1) the recuperation function from work...