Table of Contents
*Years in review 1996, 1997, and 1998: World Affairs -11-
*Selected economic and financial indicators -18-
*Growth of Output & Growth of Consumption and Investment -19-
*Gambia River -20-
*The Land -22-
Culture & Faith-23-
*Major holidays -24-
*Rites of passage -25-
*Interpersonal relations -26-
*Family life -26-
*Cultural heritage -33-
*Folk Art, Crafts, and Hobbies -34-
The Gambia is a small (4,000 square miles or 11,295 sq. km) country in West Africa. It is surrounded by Senegal on all sides, except on the Atlantic coast, and for this reason the two countries have a lot of ethnic and cultural ties. In contrast to Senegal, a former French colony, the Gambia was colonized by Britain and gained its independence on February 18, 1965.
Serer, Serahule, Jola, Fula, Mandinka and Wolof language groupings could be found in the place we now call the Gambia at various periods during the pre-colonial times. Some of these language groups had kings who established different states. There were no big Mandinka, Wollof, Fula, Jola, Serer, Serahule speaking kingdoms, which involved only the members of each language grouping. Fulas, Serahules, etc, could be found in settlements where the predominant language was Mandinka.
Different kings who spoke Mandinka, Wolof, etc. established different states on the north and south banks of the river. Even though the inhabitants of some of these states spoke the same language, they were loyal to the states and not their tribal origins. This was why the King of Niumi did not hesitate to hire 700 Serahule speaking soldiers in the 1840s to contain rebellion in his kingdom. This was why the King of Upper Niani...
African Studies - History essays:
... the contention that South Africa represented a threat to international peace. If so designated, under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, international action would no longer be regarded as interference with the internal affairs of a ...
A brief history of the civil rights movement. Including some biographical info on Booker T Washington and W. E. B. DuBois
... and justice for blacks, with an emphasis on political rights. Lack of financial support caused the Niagara Movement--the direct forerunner of the ...
How European expansion and colonial rule has affected or contributed to the social, economic, or ecological problems of Kenya
... lack of clearness in the conduct of national affairs in Kenya weakens economic development mainly through the misallocation of resources ... economic resources fairly without a compromise that would ensure ethnic justice. If liberal democracy presently has any evolutionary advantages, it will ...
... sense of justice is so aroused that such affairs as ... develop her formulas and test them. When she was finally content with the final results, she named her three improved products ... a few weeks, she saw a vast improvement. (Women in World History) She found out that her ointment, when applied with ...
... Settler and Native as Political Identities: Overcoming the Political Legacy of Colonialism. Princeton: Rutgers University Press,Nixon, Rob. (1996) "Pipe Dreams: Ken Saro-Wiwa, Environmental Justice, and Micro-Minority Rights." Black Renaissance 1, 1,Piot, Robert ...
... that indicated that minority students learn better in racially mixed classrooms. The problem with the decision is how they worded it. The chief justices did not want to jump on either side of desegregation ...
... payments to the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group (IMF/WB) than it receives loans from them, often depriving the inhabitants of those countries from obtaining the necessities of life. This financial dependency allows the IMF/WB to impose ... Bank Group (IMF/WB) than it receives loans from them, often depriving the inhabitants of those countries from obtaining the necessities of life. This financial dependency allows the IMF/WB to impose Structural Adjustment Plans upon the African nations. These adjustments ...
Tunisia: From Carthage to Independence - The history of the country modernly known as Tunisia and its development, with an emphasis on political history.
... French citizens owned 1.25 million acres, and 1.75 million by World War I. French colonists also built factories and invested heavily in mining. Because of the enormous financial gap between the French and the Tunisians, the French often served ... . French colonists also built factories and invested heavily in mining. Because of the enormous financial gap between the French and the Tunisians, the French often served as supervisors or owners of factories or mines, while Italians did the more skilled labor ...