Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (1869-1948), the Mahatma, the "great-souled one," of Hinduism and the statesman-pacifist guru if India's struggle for political liberation, developed an intriguing and far-reaching philosophy of community. That philosophy, put into practice as the entire world watched, was uniquely bound up with his views about the ashram, a communal retreat, and his commitment to Satyagraha, nonviolent disobedience to unjust laws and unfair social and political practices. Both satyagraha and the ashram are united in Gandhi's concept of the ashramic community.
Mohandas Gandhi's Life
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in Gujarat, a province on India's Western coast. He came from the Vaishya class, the merchant class, of the Indian social system, though both his father and grandfather had been prime ministers in the government of local, princely states. In his famous An Autobiography, which he subtitled The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Gandhi tells of his early life and marriage in India.
He tells of his adventures as a student in London where he went for study at the age of eighteen and where he obtained his degree in law three years later. He also tells of his early life in South Africa, where he practiced law, and of his later life in India, where he had his most popular success as both a political and spiritual leader of millions of his countrymen.
But it was Gandhi's experiences in South Africa that shaped him for his later work of social reform and active political resistance against the British occupation of India. And it was those early experiences in South Africa, applied subsequently in India, that were to lead in no small measure to the eventual freedom of his country from British rule in 1947.
Gandhi had returned to India from London with his new...