GavrocheGavroche might no be the protagonist of this novel, but nevertheless, his presence through the plot is essential for many reasons.
At the begging when we meet Gavroche it appears to the reader that he is just a simple character who would not have much transcendence in the novel, the only thing that he was suppose to do was to tell Marius where Cosette lived.
The novel continues and Gavroche reappears in the novel with a more important role in the plot. Gavroche is shown as a little boy who fights alone to survive because he has no family, he lives in a monument in a shape of an elephant and sometimes he has to steal things to sell them so he has something to eat.
Poor is a characteristic of this character but he is poor only in the aspects money because he a person who has a big heart who is always willing to give away what he has to others.
For example he stole some soaps and buys the little children who he adopted a loaf of bread, he helps criminals to escape form their problems but afterwards he steals their money but not for him but to give that money to the ones who are worst than he is and gives them money. He gives away a coat to a woman when he saw that she was cold.
Gavroche is the character where Victor Hugo shows the technique of character development, at the beginning when he is shown he is a simple character but he grows as an person with courage and most of all intelligence with his convicts well settle he demonstrates a great patriotism that could not even be compared by any other members of the barricade even though Hugo does not talk about Gavroche as an individual character. Gavroche is shown as a character that went form being the little boy form the street to the boy who's actions and speeches give a lot to think about. Although Victor Hugo does not make much reference to Gavroche as an individual character he is the type of person who is always found as one of a kind.
Gavroche represents many symbols but the strongest ones are, a social and a spiritual symbol.
He is a very strong social symbol, a tragedy that has always existed through society is the division among families, a family is based on love and all its happiness is focused around this feeling, ironically this feeling was always absent in the Thenardiers family, that reason made the Thenardier family come to destruction put much worst is that this event was going on under pressure of poverty. The suffering in the streets, which society has never given the help nor importance that this circumstance must have, had never received a moral or material help.
Gavroche is a cheerful child that makes fun of his own troubles, but he has feelings for the ones who are the same as he is and does the impossible to help them. For example when Montparnasse stole some money, Gavroche stole it from his so that he could give it to a old man that was suffering and had no money what so ever. He sacrifices what he has for others, he shares what ever he has with those people who suffer more than he does. Gavroche is a very important social symbol because he is the perfect example of how people should live when they have problems, taking a positive side of every bad situation and he is always trying to make things for other a little bit easier, he enjoys life with all types of moments and that is what he wants everybody else to do.
Gavroche is the type of person who has suffer a lot through his short life, but nothing that has ever had happen to him makes his attitude change toward others, he is nice to the people who abuse him and not mattering what is the real problem with his past, the reason why doesn't he have a home he never looses a change to honour his family specially his mother and his father, he comes in a natural way, what I mean is that he has no trouble of doing good actions his good actions even if he is scarifying something, this scarifies comes natural and it is something that he wants to do because it makes him feel better when someone is happier because of something that he did, Gavroche does not have to struggle in order to be a good person, with incredible feelings.
The main theme of this novel is the injustice of social classes and the struggle that the low class has to do in order to survive.
Gavroche fits perfectly well in this theme because he suffers a social injustice because he does not have the life of a normal child he has to steal money to survive and the way that he lives is pathetic, in a monument in a shape of an elephant, it is unfair that a boy that age has to suffer so much.
Gavroche might be considered as a round character because even though that in the begging we didn't new so much about his he was still doing a favour to someone else he was not the same boy that we met getting in the back of a carriage trying to find out were a girl lived and the development of his character was amazing it was almost incredible how a boy that age can transmit something so important and teach such an important lesson to society.