Leadership is motivating and guiding people to reach a shared goal, and it influences them while operating to meet organizational requirements and improving the organization through change. The end of the 20th century saw economic boundaries between countries crumble, as businesses became more complex, global, and knowledge driven. Leaders should realize that if their companies are to survive in this environment, they must make decision quickly, and they have to continue to make change.
This study examines leader, leadership, and leadership styles through study in the two decades of change at GE, while led by its CEO Jack Welch from 1980's until end of twenty century. Even it not completely, yet, Jack Welch's charismatic leadership is very much admired; the way of his management is worshipful that should to learn by us. I found that there is no ideal leadership style could fit in any organization; it should refer to different situation.
2. Lecture Review
2.1 Management Theories
2.1.1 Organizational Structure: Tall versus Flat Organization
Bureaucracy is a form of organization characterized by a rational, goal-directed hierarchy, impersonal decision making, formal controls, and subdivision into managerial positions and specialization of labor. Bureaucratic organizations are tall consisting of hierarchies with many levels of management.
Flat structure with only one or two levels of management, it emphasizes a decentralized approach to management that encourage high employee involvement in decisions. The purpose of this structure is to create independent small businesses or enterprises that can rapidly respond to customers' needs or changes in the business environment. (DuBrin, J., Andrew, 2006).
2.1.2 Quality Program- Six Sigma
Six Sigma simply means a measure of quality that strives for near perfection. "Six Sigma is a disciplined, data-driven approach and methodology for eliminating defects in any process -- from manufacturing to transactional and from...