Genetic Engineering

Essay by dimpalCollege, UndergraduateA-, September 2008

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Ketal Patel � PAGE �1�

Ketal Patel�

Professor Nancy Raftery

English Comp II


Genetic Engineering

On February 23, 1997, Scottish scientists at the Roslin Institute announced the successful cloning of Dolly, a sheep from a cell from another sheep, without the aid of sexual reproduction. Since then, other scientists have successfully cloned cows, pigs, mice, goats, and "glow in the dark" cats. Mankind is on the brink of genetic revolution. Many bio-tech firms, universities, and social organizations are working together to develop the methods of identifying and introducing genes to alter humans. Cloning of humans is a real possibility. Genetic engineering of humans will intensify inequality and discrimination at various levels of society. Individuals and governments must come together to control genetic engineering�.

Animals have been cloned in an uncontrolled and an unregulated environment. What scientific reasons are there for cloning animals? The scientific community would have us believe that animals are being genetically engineered to research animals and agriculture �thereby benefiting humans.

Genetically engineered animals are subjected to many problems including physical and psychological suffering, immunological disorders, and unknown diseases that will be hard to diagnose and treat (Fox 94). Even the creators of "Dolly the sheep" admit they were spurred by pure curiosity, though practical applications were a thought (Wilmut and Highfield 14). In December of 2007 the world was introduced to genetically engineered cats that glow under ultra-violet light. Glowing �cat does not do any good to any animal or man.

Serious ethical and religious issues have been raised based on the animal �genetic engineering of animals that scientists have done so far. What can be expected in the unregulated area of human genetic engineering? The Human Genome Project will eventually decipher the chemical information stored in human DNA. This information will be used to find...