Genghis Khan was born with the name TemÃÂ¼jin circa 1162 in Mongolia. He was the first son of YesÃÂ¼khei, who was a tribal chief in a clan called the Borjigin. TemÃÂ¼jin's mother was Hoelun who was from the Olkhunut tribe of the Mongol confederation. TemÃÂ¼jin had four brothers and one sister. TemÃÂ¼jin had a difficult early life. At age 9, he was left to live with his future wife's family until he was old enough to marry, but YesÃÂ¼khei was poisoned and TemÃÂ¼jin's clan left their rightful chief. In later years, TemÃÂ¼jin's family lived a life of impovershed nomads, and TemÃÂ¼jin killed his half-brother Bekhter over a fight for food. He was also captured in 1182, and if he had not escaped he would have been executed. TemÃÂ¼jin then learned that he would have to make many alliances in order to survive the political climate of Mongolia. When he was about 16, TemÃÂ¼jin married BÃÂ¶rte of the Konkirat tribe, but she was kidnapped by the Merkit tribe.
With the help of his friend, Jamuka, TemÃÂ¼jin rescued her. TemÃÂ¼jin and Borte had four sons: Jochi (whose parentage is questionable), Chagatai, ÃÂgedei, and Tolui.
TemÃÂ¼jin slowly gained power by making alliances and allying himself with his father's blood brother. TemÃÂ¼jin defeated the threats of the Kerait tribe and Naimains This left TemÃÂ¼jin as the ruler of the the Mongol plains. All clans and tribes were united and called the Mongols and became they became the Mongol Empire. Using his charisma and strong will, TemÃÂ¼jin united all of Central Asia under a single code by 1206. A council of Mongol chiefs named TemÃÂ¼jin as Khan of the consolidated tribes, and he took the title of Genghis Khan.
Genghis Khan made advances in military disciplines, such as mobility, psychological warfare, intelligence, military autonomy, and...