George Herbert's Easter Wings and E.E. Cummings in Just-as Innovative Examples of Concrete Poetry
Concrete poetry is the poetry in which the typographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effect as the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on. Thus, the shape of the poem on the page symbolizes the content of the poem and indicates the meaning. It is a recent term for an ancient poetic type called pattern poem.
It was firstly originated at the beginning of the third century BC. Some Greek poets shaped a text in the form of the object that the poem describes or suggests. In the renaissance and 17th century a number of poets composed such pattern poems such as George Herbert. Later experiments include Stephane Mallarme's A Throw of Dice(1897)and Guillaume Apollinaire's Calligrammes. The recent trend of concrete poetry started merely in the 1950's and it was a worldwide movement . Poets in Switzerland such as,Eugene Gomringer, started independently to develop "Concrete Poetry" (partly as an adaptation of "concrete painting", a minor European school of the 1940's). The practice of such poetry varies widely but the common feature is the use of a radically reduced language typed or printed in such a way as to force the visible text on the reader's attention as a physical object and not just for its meaning. In their shaped patterns, concrete poets often use a variety of type fonts and sizes and different colors of type , and sometimes supplement the text with drawings or photographs , some of their shapes called kinetic evolve as we turn the pages .
In a Concrete Poem, The poem's visual form reveals its content and is integral to it. There are certain features of such a poem; that if you remove the form of the poem, you weaken the poem.