GLOBALIZATION and CULTUREIn this essay, I will have a look at the globalization era, America as almost the most important part of this era, cultural identities, nation-states, multiculturalism, and the situation of Turkey in this era.
In today's world, we can connect to people around the world easily. Money, information, services, communication can easily be reached at any time at anywhere. When we have a look at old times, it is seen that now money, information and services flow more quickly and easily than those times. International communication, international travel, international information is more frequent than ever. We can say that local things are getting global ones. So it is the transformation process in which everything becomes one thing, soglobalised. Although becoming globalised has many benefits, it is also important for nation-states not to make concession from their cultural identities, and cultures and so on.
Globalization has three parts: political, economic and cultural parts.
To me, the political part of globalization is the dominance of American politics on the world. This situation is seen as the world's becoming single-pole after the breakup of the Soviet Union.
The economic part of the globalization is seen as the dominance of the international capital. This dominance absorbs the whole world, even the United States. Capital directs the whole world, consumers and all people.
Economically, in daily respect the dominance of international capital makes the world "uniform", on the other hand, it makes economic fertility the most important criterion in the world economics. So, economic fertility may be the result of the competition of the integrated world economics.
Cultural globalization, driven by communication technology and the worldwide marketing of Western cultural industries, was understood at first as a process of homogenization, as the global domination of American culture at the expense of traditional diversity.