A Good Manager Will Always be a Good Leader
In this essay I will demonstrate how a good manager can often be a good leader, but why I also believe that explicit differences in characteristics; attitudes and methods prove them to be unique. I will do this by firstly, defining what I feel a good manager is, and what I feel a good leader is. In doing this, I will compare and contrast the two concepts in order to finally draw conclusive similarities and distinctions between the two.
American philosopher James Burnham (1941)Ã¯Â¿Â½ christened the post-"industrial revolution" epoch in the title of his book; "The Managerial Revolution"1. In contrast to the bygone period in which the primary economic progress lay in technological progress, Burnham emphasised that the "contemporary era" depended heavily on human resources- on the leadership skills of men and women to "impel economic development" with their direction and co-ordinating of others' individual efforts in the business of living.
There has been an evident 're-invention', as such, of the term management. It has thus become increasingly difficult to successfully define it. Whereas traditionally, French industrialist Henri Fayol's (1916)Ã¯Â¿Â½ humble description of one who "plans, organises, co-ordinates and controls" has dominated our perceptions, today we take a more precise and realistic approach to the meaning of this title.
Leadership too lacks a definite, universally accepted meaning, except of course in the literal sense of the adjective leading; "to show the way by going with ... to serve as the means of reaching a place" (Hanks, 1986)Ã¯Â¿Â½. Clegg et al. (2008)Ã¯Â¿Â½ describes it as a term that is "one of the most over-theorised, over-researched, and empirically messy areas of management and organisation". The issue with leadership is not that the meaning has evolved (like management), but that the term is "tossed...