Greece: A Rich History
Prof. Matthew Johnson
Greece was once known as the most advance civilizations in the world, expanding its culture and knowledge beyond its borders, laying the foundation for many countries during the development of the western world. Greece was the originator of politics and democracy. The country also established the foundation for many scientific practices such as medicine and mathematics. Many of our cultural practices such as philosophy, theater and competitive athletics originated there. Greece established the cornerstone and foundation of organized Christianity. Among these notable ideas that have risen from Greece, they are most well known as being the greatest empire in the world. Greece played an important role in the development of western culture as we know it in today, laying the foundation for many democracies, establishing scientific and cultural practices and originating the foundation for organized Christianity.
Key Greek Empire Phases: Ancient Greece
Greece had many empire phases that were crucial to their respective time periods.
Ancient Greece was an important phase in Greece's history. Its span from 800 B.C. - 500 B.C. The traditional date for the end of the Ancient Greek period is the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. Greeks soon adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. From about the 9th century B.C. written records began to appear. According to the author Raphael who wrote, a history of the Greek city states (1976) implies that Greece was divided into many small self-governing communities, a pattern largely dictated by Greek geography, where every island, valley and plain is cut off from its neighbors by the sea or mountain ranges during ancient times. (Raphael, 1976)
The Classical period follows the Archaic period and is in turn succeeded by the Hellenistic period.