Group and team dynamics are essential components which determine an organization's environment, positive spirit, and success in the marketplace. These dynamics greatly influence whether or not a company is able to establish a positive reputation, create quality products, and generate profits. High-performance teams are a deciding factor in determining which companies excel and which companies struggle.
According to the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, a group is best defined as "a number of individuals assembled together or having some unifying relationship". Notice that this definition does not mention a common purpose or goal for this group of individuals; a group is simply a number of people gathered together. Group members are not bonded by a common purpose or goal; often, these members are simply put together because of a common interest. However, each of these members entertains their own personal agendas without much regard for the needs of others. Secondly, group members do not typically have an innate desire to contribute their talents, ideas, and creativity.
In groups, members are usually told what to do, rather than volunteering to contribute. Without a common goal and individual motivation to succeed, groups are typically not a good choice for problem-solving. A better choice would be to establish a team.
What is a Team? A team is a number of individuals assembled together for a common purpose or goal; they are a "number of persons associated in some joint action" (Merriam-Webster, 2005). Teams are highly autonomous and internally motivated. The team members envision the successful completion of their mutual goal; these members each contribute their individual strengths and ideas so that the goal can be reached. "In a team environment, people are not managed, controlled or supervised. They are led by their mutual vision of the organization's purpose and goals. Teams out-perform individuals acting alone,