Grover Cleveland- Second Term
March 18, 1837 - June 24, 1908
I. Personal Background
A. He lived 71 years from March 18, 1837 - June 24, 1908.
1. He was born in Caldwell, New Jersey. His father was a Presbyterian minister and the family frequently moved.
B. Later, in Buffalo, NY, he became a lawyer. Then in 1870, he was elected sheriff of Erie County, NY where he became famous for carrying out two hangings of criminals.
C. Then in 1881, he was elected mayor of Buffalo and in 1882, he was elected governor of New York. And two years later, he was elected President 1884.
D. After his first term, he lost his reelection to Benjamin Harrison, 1889.
1. After Harrison's term, Cleveland won the next presidential election, 1893, becoming the only president to serve two non-consecutive terms.
A. The Anti-Saloon League was founded; it promoted temperance.
B. The women's suffrage movement spread.
1. Several states gave women the right to vote.
C. This was also the period of the labor union reforms.
1. This included Coxey's Army, which was a group of unemployed workers protesting at the capital.
2. Also the Pullman Strike occurred. Cleveland was adamant against the protesters.
D. Plessy v. Ferguson case was resolved at this time, creating the "separate but equal" accommodations.
E. This was the time in which the controversy over the Kingdom of Hawaiian took place.
1. American and European businessmen deposed Queen Lili'uokalani and took over Hawaii. A year later, Hawaii was annexed by the United States.
A. The Republicans ruled the White House.
1. Cleveland was the only Democratic president from Ulysses S. Grant to William Taft, a period of 40 years.
2. The Supreme Court was mostly Republican, with only two or...