World Civilizations 1
October 12, 2014
Guarani Modernization and Integration
The integration of indigenous Guarani people into modernization has been a continental controversy since the Paraguayan independence in 1811. During the 20th century, it was predicted by the government that it was to the tribe's advantage to become a part of the urban community and abandon the traditional, cultural life (http://www.sim.org/index.php/content/guarani). Some countries have prospered from this action whereas others, not as much as it was assumed. Time has shown that indigenous people have thrived from this kind of exposure. For instance, amongst the aborigines of Australia, the involvement of the government in bringing in health services was proven successful and many feel a great exultation for a culture that can be preserved but also work in coherence with financial and governmental aid. To engage indigenous knowledge in development, it is vital to go past indigenous vs.
scientific and work towards a greater self- sufficiency that will co-exist harmoniously with cultural practices for the Guarani of Paraguay.
Indigenous knowledge is the local wisdom that is distinctive to the culture. In the Guarani tribe of Paraguay, it is passed from generation to generation, through storytelling in Topian; the main language spoken by the Guarani people (http://www.omniglot.com/writing/guarani.htm) and two thirds of Paraguay, and Jopara; a mix of the languages Spanish and Topian, popular rituals and shamanistic ceremonies whereby the shamans, the leaders/ chiefs of the group, precede the dance and song. The knowledge has been the central influence for agriculture, food preparation, health care, activities and health care that sustain the community as a whole. The Guarani tribe is able to live sustainably and therefore the natives have sophistic spectrums of information, understanding as well as interpretation that guide humankind in the innumerable interactions...