Jared Diamond wrote the book Guns, Germs, and Steel to answer his friend Yali's question; "Why is it that you white people developed so much cargo and brought it to New Guinea, but we black people had little cargo of our own?" The question may seem simple, but it takes Diamond nineteen chapters to explain every possible reason that answers this question as best as he sees fit.
Part 1 of Guns, Germs, and Steel
There isn't a way that anyone could travel back in time to predict where human societies might be most likely to develop the fastest. Even though every continent has many reasonable ideas to support it, most still are not good enough. Several others have tried but failed to explain why Eurasian societies developed faster then African societies. Diamond uses Guns, Germs, and Steel to help the reader understand this phenomenon.
On the Chatham Islands in 1835, the Maori conquered the Moriori.
The possession did not occur because of race, since both were from the same people, but because of environmental and geographical reasons. The Moirori could not grow crops on their island, which limited the export capabilities. In turn it meant a high quality army could not be afforded. The Moriori, unlike the Maori, did not need technology for hunting. The Maori on the other hand, had advancements in technology and agriculture, which gave them power over the Moriori.
Important reasons that the Europeans were able to wipe out the Native Americans were horses, guns, germs, and writing. In the beginning, horses and guns gave the Europeans a greater advantage. When smallpox was brought over on the boats, the Europeans had built and immunity to the disease, but the Native Americans were nearly destroyed. The fact that the Europeans were able to write...