IntroductionJob design is the process of deciding which tasks and responsibilities will be undertaken by a particular employee. It also covers the methods, systems and procedures for the work. In today's business environment, proper job design can help a company to become more successful and competitive in the market. "The theory of job design, as we know it today, rests largely on the premise that effective performance and genuine satisfaction in work follow mainly from the intrinsic content of the job"(Cooper, 1974,p.12) The team approach has the ability to fulfill these criteria. "Teamwork is described as a co-operative process that allows ordinary people to achieve extraordinary results" (Scarnati, 2001, p.5). "By sharing a common goal or vision, the team can accomplish what individuals cannot do alone" (Scarnati, 2001, p.6). As teams attempt to accomplish a number of tasks and functions, some of the tasks may not fall into any of the individual's present job scopes.
In an ideal situation, teamwork can combine the intelligence, experience, knowledge, skills and commitments of the team members into a more powerful drive. Depending on the task, technology involved, the organization's structure and how the team is formed in regard to authority, communication, attitudes, behaviors and expectations of people involved, a team can be ineffective for both the individual employees and the organization. This essay will investigate the causes and effects of teams that do not perform at high level automatically, and discuss the possibility of developing a more effective team.
Factor: To be a high performance teamAlthough teams are not suitable for every business situation, this essay will outline the key factors required to form a team that performs at high level automatically, which will strengthen an organization in its competitive business environment.
Enhance productivityOne reason why teams may perform automatically at a...