The high jump is a sport in which you try to jump over a pole. The pole can be set at different heights such as one meter or two meters. The high jump started hundreds of years ago but wasn't really considered a sport. The high jump has many rules and basics to learn.
The high jump first took place in the Olympics in Athens. It also took place during the summer of 1896. There have been many advancement since 1896. Some of these advancements are the shoes, the style, and the training. The shoes used today are very light and they have spikes on the bottom for good traction. The shoes in 1896 were heavy and hard to run in. They were also less stylish and didn't have as good of traction compared to today's. The training used today is very advanced. Sprinters use parachutes and run with them to train their legs to get stronger.
High jumpers tie weights to the bottoms of their shoes to build their calve strength up. The shoe style today is very colorful compared to the brown and black colors from 1896.
There are steps to jumping the high jump and also important factors. One of the important factors is the equipment the athletes have to land on. High Jumpers had to land on sand up until 1960 which affected the jumpers. This affected the jumpers because they were thinking more about landing without hurting themselves instead of thinking about jumping over the pole. This problem affected the height of their jump greatly. There are four main steps in the high jump. The first step is to takeoff running with eight to ten strides. When approaching the bar the steps should become quicker and shorter. The foot you plan to jump off of...