AmericaÃÂs Democratic Party is one of the countryÃÂs two major political parties. The organization has a long history, but when compared to the Democratic Party of 1792, todayÃÂs party is very different.
The Democratic Party was founded in the 1790ÃÂs by Thomas Jefferson, who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson became the first Democratic President of the United States in 1800. Over next 70 years, as the organization grew, so did its support in the South.
After the end of the Civil War in 1865, African Americans favored the Republican Party and its anti-slavery views, while the Democratic majority was Southern Whites, who were not in favor of political rights for former slaves (Grantham, 1992).
In 1868, Ulysses S. Grant, a Republican, was elected President with the help of African American Republicans, who were voting in a presidential election for the first time. During GrantÃÂs presidency, the Radical Republicans introduced the15th Amendment, which stated that a right to vote could not be denied because of ÃÂrace, color, or previous condition of servitudeÃÂ (Carnes & Garraty, 2006, p.
434)Over the years, the Democratic Party has left behind many of its old principles and ideals, especially with todayÃÂs presence of African Americans in the party. The Democrats once maintained the support of White Southerners by backing Jim Crow laws and supporting racialHistorical Analogy 2segregation, but today, the majority of African Americans vote for the Democratic ticket (Aldrich, 1995).
African Americans began to shift from the Republican Party to the Democratic Party in the 1940s, despite the Democrats opposition to 14th Amendment, which granted citizenship to ÃÂall persons born or naturalized in the United StatesÃÂ (Carnes & Garraty, 2006, p. 430).
In the election of 1940, Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat, added civil rights to his party platform. As...