The 14th Amendment
The 14th amendment was passed by congress on June 13, 1866 and ratified (approved) July 9, 1868. It was passed giving previous slaves- (slavery was abolished in the 13th amendment except as punishment.) the rights that all United States citizens should have. It stated in section one: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make of enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person within it's jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. Not only did this refer to African Americans and white people but to every United States citizen no mater of race, color, or previous condition of servitude involuntary or not.
Section two of this amendment states that Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed.
But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of Electors for President and Vic-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such state. Giving the male citizens twenty-one years of age of the United...