History Of The Internet

Essay by PaperNerd ContributorUniversity, Master's October 2001

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THE HISTORY OF THE INTERNET As not many people know, the internet has been around for some time now. When speaking of internet, I'm not just talking about the one you and me use on a daily basis"¦ The dictionary defines "internet" as "An interconnected system of networks that connects computers around the world via the TCP/IP protocol.""¦ The Atlantic Cable of 1858 was first to establish and carry instantaneous communications across the Atlantic Ocean. Although it was put in history as a stepping-stone in technology, it only lasted a few days before it failed. Eight years later, 1866, successful cables were laid and lasted for nearly 100 years.

Around Labor Day in 1969, BBN delivered an Interface Message Processor (IMP) to the UCLA. The four-node network consisted of UCLA, Stanford, Santa Barbara, and the University of Utah. Upon testing this system a few things went well, but in the end it failed.

The plan was to log onto a computer at Stanford, and see if they could have what they typed up come out displayed at another monitor at SRI.

"Do you see the L?" "Yes, we see the L," came the response.

"We typed the O, and we asked, "Do you see the O." "Yes, we see the O." "Then we typed the G, and the system crashed"...

Although a failure, it was still a major advance in technology back then. Wasn't until several years later that major breakthrough's were made.

In 1968, ARPA awarded the ARPANET contract to BBN. BBN had selected a Honeywell minicomputer as the base on which they would build the switch. The physical network was constructed in 1969, linking four nodes: University of California at Los Angeles, SRI (in Stanford), University of California at Santa Barbara, and University of Utah. The network was...