Histrionic Personality Disorder

Essay by leslieslyUniversity, Bachelor'sA-, April 2014

download word file, 12 pages 0.0

Any personality disorder can be viewed as a persistent pattern of behavior that is remarkably different from cultural expectations according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV). Diagnosis may be made once a mental health professional concludes that behavior is pervasive and unwavering, has an onset in early to mid-20's, is stable over time, and leads to distress or impairment (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). While people with personality disorders may have more than one disorder at a time, the major traits that are consistent with the histrionic personality disorder (HPD) include the following: an individual feels compelled to be the center of attention, acts with excessive flirtation or seductiveness, speaks with grandiose over-expression but without detail, easily influenced, and often perpetuates shallow relationships (Bienenfield, 2013; Skodol, 2005). Histrionic personality disorder belongs to the cluster B of the psycho diagnosis (DSM-5: The Ten Personality Disorders: Cluster B, 2014.)

Cluster B is referred to as the dramatic, emotional, and erratic cluster. Other disorders that are included in Cluster B are borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder. Problems common to these disorders are impulse control and emotional regulation. By the same token, a range of symptoms may fall under the diagnosis of HPD but an individual with histrionic disorder may exhibit only some of the personality traits. Most people with HPD take on the role of "the life of the party." Conversations typically consist of self-interest with little regard for the listener. Their fixation on the physical appearance of themselves is used to draw attention. Much of the emotions they show appear to be shallow and never staying the same for long (Psychology Today, 2009). People with HPD have trouble expressing different intensities of emotion and usually express all feelings with...