I. Setting: The whole story takes place in the Land of Middle Earth, in a time not specified because it's a fantasy setting, but compared to human time it must have been the Middle Ages.
Influence of the setting on the story: The setting plays a major role in the development of the story. If if wasn't for the setting, the story would have been way too short. It was the setting that set the mood and the tone for the actions that took place in the story. J.R.R. Tolken's descriptions of each place helps the reader understand the history of the area and what the main character, Bilbo Baggins, thought and felt throughout the story. These places were the most important in the development of the story:
a) The Hobbit Hole - The Hobbit Hole was placed in the Hills. The beggining of the story took place here.
This is also where all the main characters meet up and a type of outline of the journey is presented. Although the incident of the trolls didn't took place in the Hobbit Hole, it occured nearby. This is important because afterwards, Gandalf obtains the sword that killed the Goblin King. These weapons are the ticket for freedom in many perilous situations presented in the story. Finally, this is also where the story ends.
b) The Valley of the Elves - although in this place, their main reason for staying was to resupply on provitions, they also obtained information that helped them later on their journey.
c) Misty Mountains - the Misty Mountains is where the action really begins. The first obstacle of the journey is expossed here being it one of the most difficult ones.
Two important events take place here: 1) The death of the goblin king. 2) The...