honey and mumford

Essay by leahjohnston123High School, 12th gradeD+, November 2014

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David A. Kolb's model is based on the Experiential learning Theory, as explained in his book Experiential Learning.[4] The ELT model outlines two related approaches toward grasping experience: Concrete Experience and Abstract Conceptualization, as well as two related approaches toward transforming experience: Reflective Observation and Active Experimentation. According to Kolb's model, the ideal learning process engages all four of these modes in response to situational demands. In order for learning to be effective, all four of these approaches must be incorporated. As individuals attempt to use all four approaches, however, they tend to develop strengths in one experience-grasping approach and one experience-transforming approach. The resulting learning styles are combinations of the individual's preferred approaches. These learning styles are as follows:

David Kolb's Experiential Learning Model (ELM) [5]

1. Accommodators: Concrete Experience + Active Experiment

"Hands-on" and concrete

Wants to do

Discovery method

Sets objectives/schedules

Asks questions fearlessly

Challenges theories


Receive information from others


Concrete Experience


Active Experimentation

Reflective Observation


Abstract Conceptualization


Gut feeling rather than logic

2. Converger: Abstract Conceptualization + Active Experiment

"Hands-on" and theory


Specific problems

Tests hypothesis

Best answer

Works alone

Problem solving

Technical over interpersonal

3. Diverger: Concrete Experience + Reflective Observation

Real life experience and discussion


More than one possible solution

Brainstorming and groupwork

Observe rather than do


Background information

4. Assimilator: Abstract Conceptualization + Reflective Observation

Theories and facts

Theoretical models and graphs

Talk about rationale rather than do



Defines problems

Logical Formats[6]

Kolb's model gave rise to the Learning Style Inventory, an assessment method used to determine an individual's learning style. An individual may exhibit a preference for one of the four styles-Accommodating, Converging, Diverging and Assimilating-depending on their approach to learning via the experiential learning...