The hope diamond

Essay by najeebmshantiCollege, UndergraduateA+, October 2014

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Najeeb Shanti 36576 Assignment 5 October, 20, 2013

The Hope Diamond When studying how the Hope Diamond was formed, one can consider it a relatively easy process if the steps are properly broken down into key segments. It was formed deep within the Earth's crust roughly one billion years ago, deriving of mainly carbon atoms which formed tremendously strong bonds over the course of time, that of course combined with an immense amount of pressure, resulting in a diamond. The Hope Diamond contains trace amount of boron atoms intermixed with the carbon structure, which results in the blue color of the diamond. Over time it embedded itself within Kimberlite: which is an equigranular igneous rock (equigranular is a material composed mainly of crystals of similar orders of magnitude to one another), thus after being exposed to the elements it was discovered among deposits of gravel. Based on remarks written by the gem's first owner, French gem patron Jean Baptiste Tavernier (hence why it's color is called Tavernier Blue) the diamond was mined out of the Kollur mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh.

One report implies that Jean Baptiste Tavernier took 25 diamonds, which he acquired in India, to Paris and sold all of them to King Louis XIV for 220,000 Livres roughly $6,830,943 which is between $200-250 million in today's economy, including the large uncut diamond that would then become the Hope Diamond. In 1678 Louis XIV had the diamond recut resulting in 67.125 carats, thereafter it was named the Blue Diamond of the Crown of France. On September 11, 1792 during the early stages of the French Revolution, while King Louis XV and his family were in the Palais des Tuileries, a group of thieves broke into the Royal Storehouse and stole most of the...