Chapter 13 - Reconstruction and the New South
The Old South Destroyed
qï±â¯ What happened to the South's economy because of the war? It was shattered.
qï±â¯ After the war, what was the situation for nearly 4 million emancipated slaves? They found themselves homeless and penniless.
qï±â¯ What did most freedmen desire? They hoped to choose their own livelihood, establish churches and schools, and own land.
qï±â¯ According to rumors, the federal government was going to do what? "40 acres and a mule"
President Lincoln and Reconstruction
qï±â¯ Define Reconstruction: Period following the Civil War during which the U.S. government worked to rebuild the former Confederate states and reunite the nation.
qï±â¯ What was the Proclamation of Amnesty? What was its purpose? The proclamation offered a full pardon to Confederate soldiers except high ranking officials and also permitted a state to rejoin the union once 10 percent of its residents swore allegiance to the union. It's purpose was to have southerners abandon the Confederacy.
qï±â¯ Define amnesty: An official pardon issued by the government.
qï±â¯ What was the Wade Davis Bill? It called for the Confederate states to abolish slavery and to delay Reconstruction until a majority of each state's white males took a loyalty oath.
qï±â¯ When was President Lincoln shot? On April 14, 1865
qï±â¯ Where did the event occur? Ford's Theatre in Washington
qï±â¯ Who shot him? John Wilkes Booth qï±â¯ How did the assassination affect relations
between the North and South? It increased the distrust between the North and the South.
President Johnson and Reconstruction qï±â¯ Who became U.S. President upon Lincoln's death? Andrew
Johnson qï±â¯ What is his background? a Democrat, a onetime slaveholder,
and a former U.S. senator from Tennessee qï±â¯ Why did many people view Johnson as unsuitable to handle
Reconstruction? He favored a government controlled by white citizens.
qï±â¯ What was the President's Reconstruction Plan? nï®â¯ Issued a complete pardon to all rebels except former
Confederate officeholders and the richest planters nï®â¯ States nullify their acts of secession nï®â¯ States abolish slavery nï®â¯ Refuse to pay Confederate government debts
qï±â¯ How was the plan received in the South? Enthusiastically supported it
qï±â¯ How did Confederates continue to discriminate against African- Americans? They did not grant voting rights to freedmen
qï±â¯ What is the 13th Amendment? Constitutional amendment that abolished slavery
The Black Codes
qï±â¯ Define Black Codes: Laws passed in the southern states during Reconstruction that greatly limited the freedom of former slaves.
qï±â¯ What was their purpose? They all aimed to prevent African Americans from achieving social, political, and economic equality with southern whites.
qï±â¯ List several examples: The codes also forbade them to travel without permits, own guns, attend schools with whites, or serve on juries.
qï±â¯ How were many African-American children treated during this time? Many children without "adequate" support could be bound, or hired, out against their will.