HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
PRACTICES AND APPROACHES IN
The transition from a Socialist approach to a free market approach and the rise of a new high-tech sector are two remarkable shifts that have occurred in the last two decades in Israel. In the face of these changes, human resource (HR) practitioners are currently expected to assume new roles, adopt different work values, and apply appropriate strategies. HR managers in the low-tech industry still adhere to traditional values and strategies, including a reliance on trade unions and an emphasis on job security and the employees' years of work experience and seniority as key criteria for promotion. In the emerging high-tech sector, HR managers have adopted new values and developed new strategies, including human resource management programs, employee empowerment, higher salaries and better benefits, while placing an emphasis on employees' talents and qualifications.
Source: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm/journals.htm?issn=01437720&volume=22&issue=3&articleid=848302&show=html&PHPSESSID=qj5kp1babsuadbfaj 47luam41
Recent changes in Israeli society and economy and their relation to Organizational Politics
Over the past three decades, Israel has undergone significant economic, industrial and cultural transformations.
These developments have shifted public values considerably and may indirectly affect OP and HR practices. For example, Sagie and Weisberg (2001) maintain that in recent years, Israeli society has gone from being ascetic, collectivistic, closed, and relatively homogeneous, to being more materialistic, individualistic, open, and pluralistic. The impact of this trend on workplace practice is substantial. Instead of considering one's work as an obligation toward one's family or a contribution to society, it is widely perceived today as a means toward individual self-satisfaction and achievement of personal goals (Elizur & Sagie, 1999; Harpaz, 1999). Workers now place greater emphasis than they did in the past on values such as employee empowerment, participation in decision-making, job enrichment, and career development. In addition, Israeli work culture is...