human development index
"the basic purpose of development is to enlarge people's choices. In principle, these choices can change over time .people often value achievements that donot show up at all or not ultimately in income or growth figures:greater access to knowledge, better nutrition and health services, moer secure livelihoods, security against crime and physical violences, satisfying leisure hours ,political and cultural freedoms and sense of participation in community activities. the objective of development is to create an enabling environment for people to enjoy long,healthy and creative lives"-mahbub ul haq
the issue is not to easy to resolve.we shall have intuitive notion of development.when we speak of a developed society we picture in our minds a society in which people are well fed and well clothed,possess access to a variety of commodities, have the luxury of some leisure and entertainment,and live in ahealthy environment.we think of a society free of violent dicrimination,with tolerable levels of equality,where the sick recieve proper medical attention and people donot have to sleep on sidewalks.in
short most of us would insist that a minimal requirement for a developed nation is that physical quality of life be high,and so uniformly,rather than being restricted to an ingrously affluent minority.of course the notion of a good society goes further .we might stress political rights and freedoms,intellectuals and cultural development, stability of the familiy, a low crime rate and so on. however a high and equally accesible level of material well being is probably a prerequisite for most other kinds of advancement, quite apart from being a worthy goal in itself.
low per capita income is an important feature of economic underdevelopment-perhaps the most important feature and there is little doubt that the distribution of income accross the world,s nation is extra ordinariily skewed.the disparities are enormous and no...