Student ID: 11530781
Human development is a complex synthesis of physiological, cognitive, psychological, moral, and spiritual expansion. Different theories explain one or more aspects of an individual's development. The primary goal of this paper is to analyse three aspects: how early life experiences and social development affect the adult person, following by how culture impacts on person's cognitive development. As well, the importance of an understanding of developmental psychology to nursing practice will be examined. Based on the understanding of these three topics, it would allow nurses to provider holistic nursing care to patients and establishes a therapeutic patient-nurse relationship.
Initially, life experience and social development have a massive impact on adults. The argument from the attachment theory is that infants need to develop a healthy interpersonal relationship with others in early life for social and emotional development, which lays foundation for future adulthood maturity. (Main, et al.1995;)
For example, mothers always form a separate but secure attachment with their children which contributes the child to build up a secure state-of-mind that extends to their adulthood. Moreover, from Ainsworth's observation, there are four styles of attachment have been identified, which are secure, anxious-preoccupied, dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant. For instance, secure attachment predicts a series of behaviors trend in children's later life experiencesÃ¯Â¼ÂBretherton, et al. 1990;) and the quality of peer relationship in the adulthood. If the child who gets secure attachment (Burton et al. 2012) from their parents, she or he will have more positive expectations and be more trusting and engaging with friends and colleagues. In contrast, when the youngsters who often experience insecure attachment, (Burton et al. 2012) they may do anti-social behaviors to other people such as distancing self from others, lacking of involvement and closeness in the relationship. In regards to my personal experiences, I...