The concept of "human rights" reflects the socio- cultural and political values Ã¢ÂÂÃ¢ÂÂthat relate to their issues . Many are those who have studied this issue , and have given different definitions, which reflected the socio- cultural and political values Ã¢ÂÂÃ¢ÂÂof each of them.
Richard Rorty believes that in today's world , human rights are the main means of " avoiding suffering and humiliation ." He believes that "in today's world, which is marked by pluralism and diversity, human rights should be seen as the most important means of preventing suffering and humiliation . These rights would provide minimum standards of dignity , tolerance and coexistence in a globalized world . " .
Socio - legal doctrine consider both concept and contemporary system of fundamental human rights , are based on the American Declaration of Independence (1776 ) and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen ( French Revolution of 1789 ) .
These documents constitute the starting point of the process of emancipation in modern times . Documents promotes equality and fraternity , founded on natural law - ideal - the belief that men are equal by birth and endowed with certain inalienable rights . Since the 19th century , most of the laws and constitutions in Europe and the USA have integrated human rights provisions .
Because states as sovereign and independent entities , had the quality of subjects of international law , they were the only ones that had jurisdiction in promoting human rights.
Tradition states that only have these attributes has been modified with the advent of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, in Articles 34 and 35 regulate the procedure of individual applications that enable individuals , who claim to be victims...