In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley many characters are presented that are actually symbols. Bernard Marx is a non-conformist, one who refuses to comply with the rules of society. Hemholtz Watson is a symbol of futility because his intelligence is useless in Utopia. Then there is John who represents the noble savage, a man of nature who does not need society.
Bernard Marx was an individual in a society where individuality was practically extinct. He was an Alpha Plus, but he was small like the people from the lower classes. All of his life, people from his caste system had been saying bad things about him. "They say somebody made a mistake when he was still in the bottle - thought he was a Gamma and put alcohol into his blood-surrogate. That's why he's so stunted(54)."
Bernard knew he was different. Not only did he look like he was not supposed to, he thought differently.
He would have liked to be alone to think, but "Ford" was against it. Civilized people were taught to hate solitude. However, when Bernard and Lenina were in a helicopter together, he said he wanted to be alone. "More on my own, not so completely a part of something else. Not just a cell in the social body (106)." All of this made him the symbol of a non-conformist. He was a pariah, a social outcast which was the reason he could not comply with the rules of his society.
Helmholtz Watson appears in the story for the first time when Bernard visits him. The author makes Helmholtz out to be handsome, strong, and very intelligent. However, in his society his vast intelligence was wasted. He wanted to write about powerful emotions or tragedies, but there was none to write about. "I feel I...