Research methodology consists of the assumptions, postulates, rules, and methods-the blueprint or roadmap-that researchers employ to render their work open to analysis, critique, replication, repetition, and/or adaptation and to choose research methods. The main objective of this investigation was to identify the variables involved in the process of learning ICT, in a realistic work-based context, and how these variables may affect ethnic minority groups in the area of East London. The research is intended to explore learning ICT amongst students, lectures and policy makers in further education. The data was collected using triangulation of methods such as observation, questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews. The researcher then analyzes the collected data using systematic manual text analyses to describe and summarize the results based on the perceptions of students at Newham College. This chapter includes the following processes of research methodology: restatement of research problems and questions, rationale for the design, selection of study site, research approach, and techniques.
Restatement of Research QuestionsThe objectives can be reflected in the following research questions.
1. How do different ethnic groups perform on ICT courses in further education?2. What is the student's contribution to ICT classroom dynamics in terms of social, cultural behaviour and knowledge?Rationale for the DesignWe have chosen a predominantly qualitative method to investigate the process of learning ICT in a realistic work-based context because qualitative methods offer the possibility of allowing informants to explain their experiences from their own point of view and they provide rich descriptions of the meanings that are attached to these experiences. These methods are therefore preferred when investigating social processes and narrating the significance of social problems for poor mental health that have not previously been researched (Green and Thorogood, 2004). As is the case for quantitative research, methodological issues in qualitative research need careful attention.