Christianity is rooted in Second Temple Judaism, but the two religions diverged in the first centuries of the Christian era. The Christian Bible (the Harper-Collins Study Bible) containing two parts: the Old Testament, which is the entire part of the Jewish Bible (the Hebrew Study Bible) and the New Testament, which is more important in the eyes of Christian. Since the Christianity originally developed from Judaism and they shared a number of beliefs, so here raises a question: do Christians worship the same God as the God of the Jews?
From earliest time, Christians define themselves having distinction of the use of God and Jesus. Christians early begin to define themselves as having peculiar beliefs about God. As a result, Christianity produced creeds early on in its history. However one standard that is accepted by most of Christian is the Nicene Creed. I will base my discussion here on it.
I will go through it section by section.
We believe in one God, our Father Almighty, maker of all things, visible and invisible.
Christians believe in one God, who created the universe and all that is in it. Jews know the phrase One God. It goes back to the statement that is the closest thing that Judaism has to a creed. In Deuteronomy6:4, which is "Hear, Olsrael, the lord of our God, the lord is one." Title of Father for God is everywhere in antiquity including the Hebrew Bible. And the sentence God makes of things visible and invisible comes out of the Greek Jewish version of Genesis1:1-2. So far, there would be no Jewish would disagree with this Nicene Creed.
And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only begotten of the Father, that is of the substance of the Father, the God from God, light from light,