IDEA Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
Diversity and Inclusion
IDEA (Individual with Disabilities Education Act)
October , 2009
The FAPE (A Free Appropriate Public Education) is the first component of the IDEA. It applies to all children, regardless of severity of their disability (Gargiulo, 2006, p.48). All children must be provided an education that caters to their distinctive needs at no cost to the parent(s), guardian(s), or caretaker(s) (Gargiulo, 2006, p.48). Included in this principle is the concept of related services, which requires that children receive (Gargiulo, 2006, p.48). For example, if a child who has a disability that affects their speech or activity of limbs must be provided both a free education and a free service that is appropriate to their unique needs. A speech therapist would be the appropriateness of the unique need of the disabled child with speech difficulties and a physical and/or occupational therapist would be the appropriateness of the unique need of the disabled child with limited or no activity of their limbs.
The LRE (The Least Restrictive Environment) is the second component of the IDEA. This application covers all children to their extent of their disability. Children disabilities vary and are numerous so the LRE allows these types of children to be educated in an environment with other students who does not have or express disabilities. The placement of children with disabilities varies and must be coherent with the child's educational needs.
The IEP (An Individualized Education Program) is the third component of the IDEA. This component has six criteria that are expressed to suit and develop the individuals who are a learner with these exceptionalities. This document was developed and coincides with the parent(s), guardian(s), or caretaker(s). It is an educational plan that states and describes the requirements through the six criteria...