The Illiad

Essay by the.edgeJunior High, 9th gradeA+, September 1996

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4º English 1 H

Stephen Wong


Important Characters:

Agamemnon king of Mycenae; brother of Menelaos

Hektor Prince of Troy; son of Priam and Hekuba

Achilles greatest warrior of the Achaian army

Aias song of Telamon; he has brute strength and


Menelaos husband of Helen; brother of Agamemnon

Paris a prince of Troy; also son of Priam and


Priam King of Troy; very old man

Helen wife of Menelaos; most beautiful woman In

the world

Diomedes one of the best Achaian warriors

Hekuba wife of Priam

Aeneas son of Aphrodite; Trojan

Aphrodite Daughter of Zeus; goddess of love; mother

of Aeneas; patron of Paris; on the Trojans'


Athena daughter of Zeus; goddess of wisdom; on

the Achaian side

Ares son of Zeus; god of prophecy, light, poetry,

and music; on the Trojans' side

Zeus supreme god and king of Olympos

Poseidon younger brother of Zeus; god of sea


Chryseis and Briseis who were captured during a raid in Troy are awarded as 'war prizes' to Agamemnon and Achilles.

Chryseis for Agamemnon and Briseis for Achilles. Chryseis is the daughter of Chryses which prays Apollo to help get back his daughter. Apollo causes a deadly plague in the Achaian camp. Achilles asked Kalchas to explain the cause of Apollo's anger. Apollo plagued the Achaians because Agamemnon refused to return Chryseis to her father. Agamemnon demands Achilles' war prize in place of Chryseis. Achilles because angry at Agamemnon's demand and withdraws his troops from the Achaian army. Agamemnon returns Chryseis to her father then collects Briseis from Achilles. Strangely, Achilles gives him the girl. Then, Achilles decides to tell his mother about the problem. Achilles asks his mother to ask Zeus to make sure that the Trojans win. Thetis goes to Zeus and asks and...