Immigration reforms play a significant role on many of the world's cultural, political, and economic decisions, as nowadays more and more countries have developed and implemented stricter immigration laws that may or may not hinder a nation's development. Evaluating the process policymakers undergo in order to develop these laws, it is imperative to understand and consider the potential positive and negative effects these laws have upon a country and its population itself, ranging from poor, "Third World" countries, to the global powerhouses such as the United States and China. There are a number of factors that can alter the way immigration reforms are created including allowance, restrictions, foreign policy, and barriers of trade; combined, all these make up for the positive and negative effects immigration laws have upon the relationship and policies of countries engaging in international trade.
In order to further develop on the impact immigration reforms have upon multilateral nations, one must be familiar with the actual laws that are enacted, how they affect a country's growth, and the economic facets of international trade.
Another important aspect of the decision making process behind these reforms is the debate between skilled versus unskilled labor; while some reformers might argue that workers that possess expertise and background are the only ones that may benefit domestic labor, opponents believe unskilled labor can improve the development of a nation in the long-run. Following a synopsis on the definition of immigration laws, we will focus on the immigration reform in the United States itself, analyzing the labor market, economic welfare, and the enforcement of allowances and restrictions foreigners face. By studying a powerhouse like the United States, we can further proceed to examine the trade facilitation of migration; in other words, how trade is affected by the enforcement of immigration...