Abortion is one of the oldest controversies the United States' political systems and society have faced. There is no black and white area of this topic because many different angles by which a person can analyze the issues have been developed over the years. It is my personal belief that abortion is immoral. Based on the ideas that a fetus has potential for a future (Marquis, 1989) and that a fetus is a person, based on set criteria (Hinman, 2000), it is logical to assume the view that killing a fetus is morally wrong.
The views and legalities surrounding abortion have changed numerous times through out the years. The largest turning point in the history of abortion was on January 22, 1973 when the Supreme Court made its most controversial decisions and determined that governments did not have the power to bar abortions. The ruling was the result of Norma McCorvey, under the pseudonym "Jane Roe", challenging the criminal abortion laws in Texas that forbade abortion except in cases where the mother's life was in danger.
It was argued that the abortion laws in Texas went against the U.S. Constitution by infringing upon women's rights protected under the fourteenth Amendment (BBC News, 2004). The case was won, and abortion was legalized, under the Trimester System. Under the ruling, women have an unwavering right to an abortion during the first three months of pregnancy, there is some allowance for government regulation in the second trimester of pregnancy, and states can restrict or ban abortions in the last trimester if the fetus is developed to a point where it could survive outside the mother; in this, trimester abortion is always legal if a doctor says it is a life-saving procedure (BBC News). This was a large triumph for pro-abortion advocates.