THE IMPACT OF TELEVISION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
Academic performance as defined by Zimmerman (1999) is the scholastic attainment of students when examined in different academic subjects. According to Dominick (1999) states that television is one of the reasons that scores of national achievement tests in reading and mathematics are now lower than in the past. Alexander & Hanson (2002) allude to the statement made by Dominick by saying that television is frequently castigated for interfering in the education of children. Also that achievement, intellectual ability, grades, and reading ability have complex relationships with television viewing. Adams & Gullotta (1989) opine that the effect of television on the academic performance of young people is in most cases damaging. Adams & Gullotta further state that young people of lower socio-economic status appear to watch television more than those of higher status and that as intelligence decreases, viewing time increases. Adams & Gullotta pointed out that adolescents with high self esteem watch less television than those young people who think poorly of themselves.
Kagan & Segal (1995) stated that long before children begin socializing with classmates and peers, another outside influence enters their lives, that is, television.
By the time they are one year old children are watching and paying attention to the TV. American children spend more time watching television than they do in any other activity excluding sleep. The influence of television on children can be destructive or can be used as an educational tool.
The researcher believes that television is one of the most powerful educational tool man has ever developed and when used with understanding and foresight can help to accomplish the aims of the educational system. Television is a powerful captivator of children's mind, due to this, television would be an effective aid to learning and capturing their...