Impressionism and the Twentieth Century1. ComposersSamuel Osborne Barber II (March 9, 1910 - January 23, 1981) was an American composer of orchestral, opera, choral, and piano music. His Adagio for Strings is among his most popular compositions and widely considered a masterwork of modern classical music.
Orchestral musicBarber intensely played and studied the music of J.S. Bach. He also was an adherent of Brahms, from whom he learned how to compress profound emotions into small modules of highly charged musical expression (Cello Sonata, 1932). In 1933, after reading the poem "Prometheus Unbound" by Percy Bysshe Shelley, Barber composed the tone poem Music for a Scene from Shelley. In 1935, the work was premiered at Carnegie Hall, and this was the first time the composer heard one of his orchestral works performed publicly. Barber's compositional style has been lauded for its musical logic, sense of architectural design, effortless melodic gift, and direct emotional appeal as evidenced in Overture to The School for Scandal (1931) and Music for a Scene from Shelley (1933).
These characteristics remained in his music throughout his lifetime.
Alban Maria Johannes Berg (February 9, 1885 - December 24, 1935) was an Austrian composer. He was a member of the Second Viennese School with Arnold Schoenberg and Anton Webern, and produced compositions that combined Mahlerian Romanticism with a personal adaptation of Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique.
PianoÃ¢ÂÂ¢Piano Sonata, Op.1Ã¢ÂÂ¢Kammerkonzert (1925) for piano, violin and 13 wind instrumentsChamberÃ¢ÂÂ¢String Quartet, Op. 3Ã¢ÂÂ¢Four Pieces for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 5Ã¢ÂÂ¢Lyric SuiteOrchestraÃ¢ÂÂ¢Three Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 6Ã¢ÂÂ¢Violin ConcertoOperaÃ¢ÂÂ¢Wozzeck, Op. 7Ã¢ÂÂ¢LuluVocalÃ¢ÂÂ¢Seven Early SongsÃ¢ÂÂ¢Four Songs, Op. 2Ã¢ÂÂ¢Five Orchestral Songs on Postcard Texts of Peter Altenberg, Op. 4Ã¢ÂÂ¢Der WeinÃ¢ÂÂ¢Schliesse mir die Augen beideLeonard Bernstein (pronounced /ÃÂbÃÂÃÂnstaÃÂªn/ "BERN-stine"; August 25, 1918 - October 14, 1990) was an American conductor, composer, author, music lecturer and pianist. He was the first...