The technological advances made by the Romans during their era of empire were astounding.
Consider the fact that their empire existed in the time before the birth of Christ, thousands of years ago.
Yet, the advances and discoveries that they made in the fields of science and engineering are still used
today. Ideas that they came up with back then were for a long time considered to be theories. However,
we now accept them as facts today. Their thought process was on par with ours today.. They are a
civilization that has truly stood the test of time. What makes their achievements even more remarkable is
the fact that after their civilization declined, roughly 476 A.D., until the Renaissance, things actually
appeared to get worse. The European civilizations of the time did not improve upon or even use Roman
discoveries and instead took backwards steps. In fact, Roman technological advances in the areas of
irrigation, transportation, and city-planning were far superior to anything seen before their time and were
not seen again until the Industrial Revolution and Renaissance.
There is no denying that Rome was a very large and powerful empire. So large in fact, while
there was enough water for everyone , there was no way of Distributing it to the many occupants of this
vast land. Although most of Rome's water came from large lakes and rivers , they were rarely located
near major cities. As a result, it would be impractical for this water to be manually transported. Roman
engineers were faced with a dilemma: how to get the water to the cities more efficiently. Their solution
was the aqueducts. However, contrary to popular public opinion, the Romans did not invent the
aqueducts. Aqueducts were used in ancient Egypt, Persia, and India , and although extremely well...