Information Technology - Impact of ICT on the social community.

Essay by scarysponge January 2006

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I am studying ICT in Solihull. This includes Touchwood and the surrounding area. I will be talking about the impact of ICT in the community with GPS in transport, how it is useful and how it can be a bad thing. I will also be concentrating on security (CCTV and Speed Cameras); and finally communication using ICT based ways, e.g. Libraries and Internet Cafes.


ICT has recently been improved in the community because there have been complaints from the travelling public that services, like buses, don't arrive on time. Or they would be waiting for an hour, and then three buses come at once. No information was displayed about whether the service delayed or cancelled at bus stops/train stations. Therefore they don't know how long they will have to wait. Also passengers don't know the duration of their journey when on the bus/train stations.

GPS in Transport:

In buses (and some trains), it has a GPS (Global Positioning System).

All the buses are fitted with a sensor that sends its signal to a satellite in space; this relays the signal to the bus stop or trains station where map software uses the distance between the transport and the bus or train stations to calculate the ETA (Estimates Time of Arrival). This is then displayed on a LED screen. This system is in real time and is updated at regular intervals.

GPS Evaluation:

The advantages to this are that the information is current so people will know how long to wait for a bus, this way they can be more efficient, e.g. if a bus is supposed to arrive in 5 minutes, but the ETA is 20 minutes; people can do something else, like getting a drink or going or a severe shops.

There are disadvantages to this system...