The United Nations first recognized the need to establish an international criminal court over 50 years ago. An international criminal court would be just that. It would try criminals charged for international crimes such as genocide and other crimes of similar weight. The goal of the UN has always been to "secure universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals throughout the world." The establishment of an international criminal court is seen as a major step in the accomplishment of this goal.
An international criminal court would be vital to the end of impunity. Unfortunately, many times acts of genocide and other blatant violations of human rights go unpunished. The former UN High Commissioner for human rights has even been quoted as saying, "A person stands a better chance of being tried and judged for killing one human being than for killing 100,000." In fact, there have been many times in which no particular individuals have been held responsible for acts such as crimes against humanity and war crimes.
Examples include 2 million people who were killed by the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia in the 1970's; large losses of life in countries such as Mozambique, Liberia, and El Salvador during armed conflicts; and slaughter of innocent civilians in the Great Lakes region of Africa and Algeria. It had been established after the Nuremberg trials that individuals were responsible for crimes against international law and should be prosecuted for doing so. Still, however, individuals committing international crimes such as the ones earlier mentioned and others often go unpunished. One purpose of an international criminal court would be to put an end to this.
Another purpose of an international criminal court would be to help end conflicts. Often, as in situations of ethnic conflict, violence leads to further violence, resulting...