In this case, why International Human Right Law argued the proposed Amnesty Law recommended by new government constituted a Truth and Reconciliation Commission? What is International Human Right Law want to claim and what is Amnesty Law? In this case president Mustaffa was mass killing members of indigenous people.
Mass killing is differs with genocide. Genocide is refers to acts that intend to destroy, physically of biologically, national, ethical, racial or religious group. Mass killing is the acts of murdering a large number of people, typically at the same time or over a relatively short period of time. It is also related to the political aspect. This is because the intentional and indiscriminate kill a large number of people by government agents. The example that was same with this case by president Mustaffa are shooting unarmed protestors, the carpet bombing of cities and also the random execution of civilian.
Based on fourth (4th) principle in the general principles on which criminal jurisdiction is claimed there are certain crimes that were so destructive of the international order and are contrary to the interests of the international community as a whole that they are treated as delicta jure gentium or known as international crimes. International crimes are violations of customary international rules, which the purposes are to protect values considered important by the whole international community and consequently bind all States and individuals.
The principles of universality of human right are the cornerstone of International Human Right Law. The International Human Right Law key down obligations of government to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human right and fundamentals freedom of individual or groups. There are divided into three main categories which is civil and political, second is economic,