/ rising tone ( before the stressed syllable of the word)
\ falling tone
? strong questioning intonation
- quieter speech
Capitals for louder speech.
Underlining indicates emphasis; the extent of underlining within individual words locates emphasis and also indicates how heavy it is. Bold can also be used for very strong emphasis.
OVERLAPPING and PAUSES
[ ] overlapping speech
Latching 'Equals' signs = mark the immediate 'latching' of successive talk, whether of one or more speakers, with no interval.
(.) micro pause 0 less than 0.1 of a second.
(0.5) second pause
(1.0) second pause
>he said< 'greater than' and 'lesser than' signs enclose speeded-up talk.
<he said> reversed for slowed down speech
Colons e.g. (she wa::nted ) elongation of sounds.
Tim Russert, August 7, 2004
SYNOPSIS: The journalist Tim Russert interviews the American economist and author Paul Krugman and the American television host, author and the political commentator Bill O'Reilly in his TV show "The Tim Russert Show" in 2004. The clip and the transcript shows only parts of the interview.
Part 1 (00:07 - 2:21)
Mr. O'REILLY: Well, I don't buy that all (.) And, you know, Mr. Krugman is a smart guy (.) but Mr. Krugman was absolutely dead 100 percent wrong (.) in his co:lumns aa two years ago when he predicted the Bush tax cuts would lead to a deeper recession (.) You can read his /book and see /how wrong he /was =
Prof. KRUGMAN: =Actually, you can read it (.) [I never said that]
Mr. O'REILLY: [Sure you did]
Prof. KRUGMAN: [I said that it would lead to a lousy job creation]
Mr. O'REILLY: [column after column] (.) after column (.) You made the <\point> (0.2) in your <book>(.) OK? that these tax...