Country Entry Risk Assessment
Introducing Better Waste Management to Africa
The rapid rate of uncontrolled and unplanned urbanization in the developing nations of Africa has brought environmental degradation. Indeed, on of the most pressing concerns of urbanization in the developing world, especially in Africa, has been the problem of solid-, liquid-, and toxic-waste management. Recent events in major urban centers in Africa have shown that the problem of waste management has become a monster that has aborted most efforts made by city authorities, state and federal governments, and professionals alike. A visit to any African city today will reveal aspects of the waste-management problem such as heaps of uncontrolled garbage; roadsides littered with refuse, streams blocked with junk, disposal sites constituting a health hazard to residential areas, and inappropriately disposed toxic wastes (Onibokun and Kumuyi, 2004).
First thing you must know is what is solid and hazardous waste and how much is produced each year.
Solid Waste is any material that is discarded because it has served its purpose or is no longer useful. Most of the worlds solid waste is coming from mining, oil, natural gas, agriculture, sewage, and/or plants that produce the things that we need in our everyday life. However, the reaming waste comes from municipal solid waste. Most of the time you hear someone call municipal sold waste "garbage" which comes from our homes and business in and around our neighborhoods. Improper disposal of municipal waste can create unsanitary conditions, and these conditions in turn can lead to pollution of the environment and to outbreaks of vector-borne disease (that is, diseases spread by rodents and insects). Hazardous waste is any waste material that, when improperly handled, can cause substantial harm to human health and safety or to the environment.
Most major cities in Africa have...